Snakes in Australia

In Australia there is 140 species of land snakes and around 32 species of sea snakes have been recorded in Australian waters

Some 100 Australian snakes are venomous, although only 12 are likely to inflict a wound that could kill

  • Bandy Bandy
    (vermicella annulata)

    Bandy Bandy (vermicella annulata)

    Facts

    • This snake is smoothed scaled and glossy with distinctive pattern of sharply contrasting black and white rings that continue right around the body
    • Approximate Length as an adult 50cm
    • Lays up to 8 eggs
    • Mildly venomous
    • Considered harmless due to small mouth and inoffensive nature
    • It is nocturnal and can be found under logs and rocks
    • It preys on blind snakes and small lizards
    • When provoked will raise its body into a loop
  • Broad Headed Snake (hoplocepphalus bungaroides)

    Broad Headed Snake (hoplocepphalus bungaroides)

    Facts

    • Approximate Length as an adult 60cm
    • Bears approximately 6 live offspring
    • Mildly venomous
    • They have a bright yellow pattern on their scales that contrast against their black body
    • The female generally grows to a larger size than the male
    • It is a nocturnal snake that is unknown outside of sandstone habitat
    • They are most commonly confused with the diamond python
    • Overwhelming majority are found during the day sheltering under large exfoliating slabs of sand stone and rock crevices in cliff faces etc.
  • Brown Tree Snake
    (boiga irregularisdf)

    Brown Tree Snake (boiga irregularisdf)

    Facts

    • Approximate Length as an adult 90cm
    • Has approximately 6 eggs
    • Mildly venomous
    • They are very distinctive because of its large head and bulging eyes and long slender body
    • Colour is usually a medium brown background with a series of darker markings or bands
    • Notorious for their bad temper will strike repeatedly if they feel threatened
    • Preys mostly on birds and small mammals
    • Fangs are at the back of mouth so only a very large snake would be able to inject venom into a human, reason why they aren't regarded as being dangerous
    • Found in woodland, rainforests and open rocky outcrops, it takes shelter in hollow trees and caves
  • Carpet Python
    (Morelia spilota)

    Carpet Python (Morelia spilota)

    Facts

    • Approximate Length as an adult 150cm
    • Has approximately 20 eggs
    • Non venomous
    • Noticeably robust body and large head, the colour and pattern vary greatly
    • They range in colour from pale to dark brown and olive green to grey or reddish with darker blotches, the colour acts as a superb camouflage for the snake as it lies in ambush for passing prey
    • Different habitats across Australia ranging from floodplains and rainforests to open woodlands and rocky mountain ranges
    • They feed mainly on mammals and birds
  • Common Death Adder (acanthophis antarcticus)

    Common Death Adder (acanthophis antarcticus)

    Facts

    • Approximate Length as an adult 50cm
    • Bears approximately 8 live offspring
    • Extremely venomous
    • Are easily distinguishable from other snakes by the very short, squat bodies, rapidly tapering tail and the broad triangular head
    • The colour of the snake varies widely but most species exhibit some form of banded pattern in shades of brown or grey
    • Tail tip is usually a different colour from the body, it is often bright and is used as a lure by wriggling it to attract prey
    • Possess the longest fangs of any Australian snake
    • They inhabit woodland, scrub and heathland areas
    • Their primary diet is small mammals and birds
  • Common Tree Snake (dendrelaphis punctulatusgt)

    Common Tree Snake (dendrelaphis punctulatusgt)

    Facts

    • Approximate Length as an adult 80cm
    • Has approximately 8 eggs
    • Non venomous
    • These long, slender snakes are very fast and agile
    • They have relatively large eyes in comparison to other species of snakes
    • The snake varies in colour, while most are green, they can also be black or brown in colour
    • When threatened the snake raises its head and inflates its neck, exposing the blue flecks that are partially hidden under their scales
    • They can be found in bush, heathland, the edges of Australias tropical forests, and along riverbanks
    • Diet consists of frogs, small reptiles, small mammals, and fish
  • Diamond Python (morelia spilota spilota)

    Diamond Python (morelia spilota spilota)

    Facts

    • Approximate Length as an adult 130cm
    • Has approximately 20 eggs
    • Non venomous
    • These snakes have a distinctive pattern of a black background with cream or yellow spot and blotches
    • Can be found in rainforest margins and woodland, but will also utilise heathland and rocky outcrops
    • The hatchlings feed almost solely on small lizards, as they grow their diet broadens to incorporate small birds and mammals, with adults feeding predominantly on such warm blooded prey
  • Eastern Brown Snake (pseudonaja textiles)

    Eastern Brown Snake (pseudonaja textiles)

    Facts

    • Approximate Length as an adult 100cm
    • Lays approximately 15 eggs
    • Highly venomous
    • These snakes are responsible for most deaths caused by snakebite in Australia
    • On hot days can move at surprising speed
    • It has a slender body and is variable in colour ranging from uniform tan to grey or dark brown
    • Inhabits most of eastern Australia from the desert to the coast, but is particularly prevalent in open grasslands, pastures and woodland
    • Feeds mostly on small mammals, particularly rodents
  • Eastern Small Eyed Snake
    (rhinoplocephalus nigriscens)

    Eastern Small Eyed Snake (rhinoplocephalus nigriscens)

    Facts

    • Approximate Length as an adult 40cm
    • Live bearing of approximately 4 offspring
    • Highly venomous
    • A small to moderately sized species, the head is sightly flattened and barely distinct from the solid body
    • It is steely blue black in colour, the scales are smooth and glossy and the eyes are small and darkly coloured
    • They are found in high moisture level habitats including rainforests and wet sclerophyll forest, as well as woodlands, heaths and rock crops
    • Feed on lizard eggs, dragons, legless lizards, skinks, blind snakes and other small snakes
  • Eastern Tiger Snake (notechis scutatus)

    Eastern Tiger Snake (notechis scutatus)

    Facts

    • Approximate Length as an adult 80cm and bears approximately 20 Live offspring it is highly venomous
    • Does not also display the distinctive tight stripes suggested by its common name
    • The body can be grey, olive brown or almost black, the underside is usually creamy-yellow
    • Tiger snakes will usually act out an impressive threat display before attempting to bite
    • Inhabits swamps, wetlands and water courses of southeastern Australia
    • These snakes love to feed on frogs, however, given the opportunity they will also readily take lizards, birds, small mammals and fish
    • In hot weather feeding often takes place at night
  • Golden Crowned Snake (cacophis squamulosus)

    Golden Crowned Snake (cacophis squamulosus)

    Facts

    • Approximate Length as an adult 50cm
    • Lays approximately 5 eggs
    • Mildly venomous
    • These snakes are small nocturnal and terrestrial they are brown to grey with a pink belly, they also have a yellowish crown shaped marking on the head which gives it its name
    • Can be found deep in forests and in sandstone areas
    • It searches for sleeping lizards by scent, taking them from their night time retreats, it may also eat frogs and blind snakes
  • Lowlands Copperhead (austrelaps superbus)

    Lowlands Copperhead (austrelaps superbus)

    Facts

    • Approximate Length as an adult 70cm
    • Bears approximately 15 live offspring
    • Extremely venomous
    • This snake is small and not and not obviously distinct from the body
    • It is variable in colour ranging from black through brown to a dull brick red
    • Its most distinctive feature is the white barring over a dark background on the lips
    • Adapted to living in a cold temperature climate and is common around wetlands but also in woodlands, grasslands and heath country
    • They feed mostly on frogs and lizards, and occasionally small mammals and birds
  • Marsh Snake
    (hemiaspis signata)

    Marsh Snake (hemiaspis signatad)

    Facts

    • Approximate Length as an adult 50cm
    • Bears approximately 10 live offspring
    • Mildly venomous
    • These snakes are found in well watered areas and are active by day or by warmer nights
    • Their diet consists of smalls frogs and lizards
    • They are smooth scaled and vary in colour from brown to a black. They have a yellowish cream white distinctive colour pattern around the mouth
  • Mustard Bellied Snake (elapoganathus rhodaguster)

    Mustard Bellied Snake (elapoganathus rhodaguster)

    Facts

    • Approximate Length as an adult 30cm
    • Bears approximately 5 live offspring
    • Mildly venomous
    • Their mid-bodies are smooth
    • They are brown in colour with a bright mustard colour on their belly
  • Pale Headed Snake (hoplocephalus bitorquatus)

    Pale Headed Snake hoplocephalus bitorquatus)

    Facts

    • Approximate Length as an adult 50cm
    • Bears approximately 5 live offspring
    • Mildly venomous
    • A slender snake, with a broad head distinct from the muscular body, the back, sides and tail are blackish to greyish dark brown without any pattern. The head is a lighter grey with dark spots along the temporal region and also bordering the distinctive white nape stripe at the back of the head
    • Found in wet and dry sclerophyll forest and open woodlands on floodplains and near watercourses
    • The Diet consists of tree dwelling species, including frogs, geckos, skinks and bats
    • They are nocturnal snakes
  • Red Bellied Black Snake (pseudechis porphyriacus)

    Red Bellied Black Snake (pseudechis porphyriacus)

    Facts

    • Approximate Length as an adult 100cm
    • Bears approximately 10 live
    • Highly venomous
    • The head is barely distinguishable from the body as there is no obvious constricted neck area
    • This snake is glossy black while the belly is light pink to brilliant red
    • Can be found near streams, rivers, creeks, swamps and other wetland areas
    • Specialises in eating frogs but they will also eat lizards, occasionally fish
  • Red Naped Snake
    (furina diadema)

    Red Naped Snake (furina diadema)

    Facts

    • Approximate Length as an adult 30cm
    • Lays approximately 3 eggs
    • Mildly venomous
    • Is a small reddish brown snake with darker netted pattern
    • The head and neck are black with red or orange patch on back of head with the belly being white or cream
    • Can be found in dry eucalypts forest, pasture
    • Feeds on small lizards especially skinks
  • Stephens Banded Snake (hoplocephalus stephensii)

    Stephens Banded Snake (furina diadema)

    Facts

    • Approximate Length as an adult 60cm
    • Bears approximately 5 live offspring
    • Mildly venomous
    • A small to moderate sized snake, usually strongly patterned, with a dark grey body striped with many narrow brown to cream coloured bands
    • Can be found in a variety of forests
    • The diet consists of frogs, reptiles and small mammals
  • White Lipped Snake (drysdalia coronoides)

    White Lipped Snake (drysdalia coronoides)

    Facts

    • Approximate Length as an adult 30cm
    • Bears approximately 5 live offspring
    • Mildly venomous
    • The body has several colour phases reddish, olive green, tan and rarely yellowish, however has a distinctive white strip along its mouth
    • common in the higher altitudes on many of the alpine areas, typically seen in areas with tussock grass, open woodlands and heathlands
    • Diet consists of lizards, skinks and their eggs
  • Yellow Faced Whip Snake (demansia psammophis)

    Yellow Faced Whip Snake (demansia psammophis)

    Facts

    • Approximate Length as an adult 50cm, lays approximately 8 Eggs and is mildly venomous
    • Slender and fast moving snake, is active during the day and common in Australia
    • Hard to observe closely, being alert and fleeing quickly when disturbed
    • It is pale grey to brown in colour with reddish colouring on the head, and sometimes on the tail as well. The belly is grey-green to yellowish
    • Can be found in a wide range of habitats, except swamps and rainforests
    • Diet consists of lizards, as well as frogs and lizard eggs
    • They have a good eyesight, and can chase and capture lizards on the run